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What happened to the commitments in UN Security Council resolution 1325 ?

samedi 30 novembre 2002, par Malin Björk

Although a whole set of international recommendations have been agreed to ensure that a gender perspective is included in peace initiatives and conflict resolution, women’s voices and alternatives are excluded from the international arena.

In October 2000, the United Nations Security Council for the first time adopted a resolution, specifically addressing the impact of armed conflicts on women, and the importance of women’s contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace. The resolution (S/RES/1325) that as passed unanimously was seen as an absolute breakthrough and was greeted by women’s activists around the world. It recognizes the important role of women in conflict resolution and the fact that women and children are the primary civilian victims of war and military actions. Another important aspect is that the resolution calls on all parties to take measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse.
A whole set of recommendations were agreed to ensure that a gender perspective is included in the work of the Security Council and the different missions of the UN, including increased representation of women at all decision-making levels in conflict resolution and peace processes, appointing more women as special representatives and envoys, expanding the role of women in UN field-based operations, and providing gender sensitive training.
Moreover, in 2000 the European Parliament adopted a report on women in peaceful conflict resolution, along the same lines, which makes clear commitments to integrating a strong gender perspective in conflict prevention and resolution. The report reinforces and develops the decisions stated by the UN Security Council in resolution 1325.

No politcal will to detect

As with all international agreements there is not much hope that they will be respected and fully implemented unless the political pressure is also kept up. Important efforts are made to hold governments accountable to their commitments to peaceful conflict resolution and an increased focus on women’s role in these processes. A worldwide campaign to push for implementation of the UN resolution has been carried out, and a big coalition of women’s activists are working to uphold and develop the commitments in relation to women and peace both at International, regional, national, and local levels. There are also numerous projects to make the information and commitments of resolution 1325, available to local women’s groups working practically with conflict resolution in their communities.
Nevertheless, at this point in time it is hard to detect a political will to stick to any of the commitment to the recommendations stated in resolution 1325. Women are as excluded as ever from the decision-making in relation to the current international militarism and are also non-present at the tables where the decisions propelling war are taken. There is no space in the public debate or in mainstream media to enforce or highlight some of the most important recommendations of resolution 1325. Women as actors for sustainable peace is a non-issue when the important boys discuss how to best sustain and enlarge their empires.
In this context, and as an alternative to the growing "fatalism" in front of the strength of economic war interests, one must call on an even greater mobilization of all women’s groups in order to break through with a different message on conflict, war, and peace.

http://www.peacewomen.org
http://www.womenbuildingpeace.org
http://europarl.eu.int

La résolution 1325 de l’ONU en français : http://www.un.org/french/docs/sc/2000/res1325f.pdf

P.-S.

Malin Björk - novembre 2002

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